Author: wahyudidjafar

Negara dalam Keadaan Darurat (State of Emergency): sebuah pengantar

IMG-20170717-WA000Secara umum keadaan darurat (state of emergency) dapat dimaknai sebagai pernyataan penguasa untuk menunda suatu fungsi yang normal dari sejumlah kekuasaan yang dimiliki oleh eksekutif, legislatif dan yudikatif, termasuk juga mengubah kehidupan normal warga negara dan institusi pemerintah, dalam rangka tanggap darurat. Pengertian ini sebagaimana dirujuk dari pemikir Jerman, Carl Schmitt, dalam apa yang disebutnya sebagai state of exception, yakni kemampuan atau tindakan yang dilakukan oleh pemegang kedaulatan—souvereign untuk melampaui/mengecualikan aturan hukum—rule of law atas nama kepentingan publik. Schmitt menegaskan, bahwa the souvereign adalah “he who decides on the exception”.

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Problematika Blokir Internet

IMG-20160226-WA011_edit (1)Dalam beberapa waktu terakhir, isu mengenai pemblokiran konten internet kembali menyeruak ke publik. Keriuhan ini terutama pasca penutupan sejumlah situs yang kontennya dinilai mengandung muatan radikalisme/terorisme, serta rencana Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika untuk menutup beberapa layanan media sosial, termasuk layanan video, karena dinilai tidak bersih dari muatan pornografi.

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No-Weapon Warfare To Combat Terrorism

IMG-20160225-WA009_edit (1)During the US-ASEAN Special Leaders’ Summit in Sunnylands, California recently, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo delivered a counterterrorism narrative called the “Indonesian Digital Initiative: Empowering Peaceful Leaders”. This initiative stressed the importance of social media in responding to terrorism and radicalized movements. Not only did the summit result in a joint commitment to eradicate terrorism, the leaders also agreed to jointly promote cyber security and stability.

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Pilkada law: Betrayal of democracy, Constitution

humanrights3Last week, 226 lawmakers put an end to the direct election of governors, mayors and regents. The new Regional Elections (Pilkada) Law will authorize legislative bodies to nominate and select the candidates for local leaders. Gone are the days when the people were directly involved in the election process. Gone are the days when independent candidates had an equal chance to compete with party-backed hopefuls.

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Fighting Juristocracy

It would have been the usual Wednesday to Thursday day-changing in October if the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) had not busted Constitutional Court (MK) Chief Justice Akil Mochtar for allegedly accepting Rp 3 billion in bribes.

The arrest changed many things. The midnight raid badly hurt the country’s trust on the court and added the latest debacle to Indonesian judicial system. On a serious note, Akil’s corruption allegation brought concerns on the court’s verdicts on at least 10 regional election disputes. We must pay attention to the more urgent matter: the court’s impartiality and preparedness to face numerous disputes in the upcoming general election this year.

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Wiretapping practices in ASEAN countries, a brief comparison

image-561285-galleryV9-bhiiUN special rapporteur for freedom of opinion and expression Frank La Rue gave a special attention to the issue of the right to privacy, considering the heights of practices on surveillance and citizens’ private communication interceptions. In his report, La Rue confirmed on the needs for each country to have its own laws, which should clearly describe the conditions that the rights for individual privacy may be limited under certain terms, and measurements on this rights should be taken based on a special decision. This decision should be taken by the state authorities guaranteed by law to perform the act. To compare the practices on wiretapping in South East Asian Countries, Indonesia could take a look at Malaysia and the Philippines. The wiretapping-related regulation in Malaysia is similar to Indonesia, while the Philippines portraits the opposite regulation.

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Praktik surveillance di Indonesia, seberapa jauh?

WikiLeaks Spy Files GAMMA.mp4_snapshot_00.51_[2013.11.26_06.31.55]Akhir-akhir ini pemberitaan media ramai dengan terkuaknya praktik intersepsi komunikasi yang dilakukan oleh intelijen Australia terhadap sejumlah pejabat Indonesia, termasuk Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Awal mula informasi ini berasal dari publikasi majalah Der Spiegel di Jerman, yang menerbitkan dokumen-dokumen dari Edward J. Snowden, mantan kontraktor National Security Agency (NSA) Amerika Serikat. Tidak hanya tindakan penyadapan telepon terhadap Presiden Yuhoyono dan orang-orang di lingkarannya, berdasarkan dokumen Snowden, Der Spiegel mempublikasikan pula dokumen rahasia NSA lainnya yang menguraikan kemampuan unit Special Collection Service (SCS).[1]

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Memberikan alasan dalam meminta informasi, perlu atau tidak?

Ketentuan Pasal 4 ayat (3) UU No. 14 Tahun 2008 tentang Kebebasan Informasi Publik menyebutkan bahwa, “Setiap Pemohon Informasi Publik berhak mengajukan permintaan Informasi Publik disertai alasan permintaan tersebut”. Munculnya ketentuan tersebut menjadikan tanda tanya untuk kita semua, apakah negara sesungguhnya sudah benar-benar tulus di dalam menyediakan hak atas informasi? Karena pada satu sisi negara memberikan perlindungan bagi setiap orang untuk memperoleh informasi melalui suatu prosedur yang jelas akan tetapi pada sisi lain negara ‘membatasinya’ dengan keharusan memberikan alasan atas permintaan akses tersebut.

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Human rights and Internet governance

Bali is hosting another world-scale conference, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), from Oct. 22 to 25. The IGF may sound less merrier than the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit earlier this month, but it is obviously important for Indonesia, home to 63 million frequent Internet users. The IGF, which is basically the world’s biggest Internet-policy event, will gather stakeholders representing states, the private sector and civil society. The forum is a perfect moment to discuss the link between Internet usage and freedom of speech and expression.

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